MSCI announces the results of its annual market classification review
On June 20, MSCI announced the inclusion of the MSCI Saudi Arabia Index in the MSCI Emerging Markets Index and the reclassification of the MSCI Argentina Index from Frontier Markets to Emerging Markets status beginning June 2019. In addition, MSCI also disclosed that the MSCI Kuwait Index will be included in the 2019 Annual Market Classification Review for a potential reclassification from Frontier Markets to Emerging Markets status.
- MSCI Announces Results of the 2018 Annual Market Classification Review / Arabic Version
- June 2018 Global Market Accessibility Review
- List of Securities in the Investable Universe of the MSCI Saudi Arabia Indexes
- List of Securities in the Investable Universe of the MSCI Argentina Indexes
- Constituents of the MSCI China A Indexes
- Consultation on a market reclassification proposal for the MSCI Kuwait Index Review List
- Q&A on the Inclusion of the MSCI Argentina, the MSCI Saudi Arabia Indexes and China A Shares in the MSCI Emerging Markets Indexes
The table below will reflect the changes (if any) to our Market Classification on the effective date of the announcement. Please refer to the latest Annual Market Classification Review and press release for details.
1 The MSCI Standalone Market Indexes are not included in the MSCI Emerging Markets Index or MSCI Frontier Markets Index. However, these indexes use either the Emerging Markets or the Frontier Markets methodological criteria concerning size and liquidity.
2 The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) consists of the following countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. Currently the MSCI WAEMU Indexes include securities classified in Senegal, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso.
3 MSCI Panama Index has been launched as a Standalone Market Index.
Why a country's market classification may matter to investors
Every June, MSCI announces the results of its evaluation of the equity markets for countries around the world, to determine each country’s classification as a developed, emerging, frontier or standalone market. An important component of MSCI’s decisions is investors’ experience of market accessibility, rather than merely an abstract analysis of regulatory language. MSCI is careful not to force a decision that may take market participants by surprise.
The Annual Market Classification Review is designed to ensure that MSCI indexes remain relevant and precise investment decision support tools for clients, and continue to accurately represent the equity markets they are measuring.
For example: market accessibility can be overlooked, such that a country with an advanced economy and several world class companies may not necessarily equate to a sufficiently advanced market, when objectively compared to other markets (a frequent misconception).
The MSCI market classification framework
The Annual Market Classification Review is based on the MSCI Market Classification Framework, which aims to reflect the views and practices of the international investment community by striking a balance between a country’s economic development and the accessibility of its market while preserving index stability. The framework consists of the following criteria:
- Economic development: Considers the sustainability of economic development and is only used in determining the classification of developed markets, given the wide range of development levels within emerging and frontier markets
- Size and liquidity requirements: Determines those securities that meet the minimum investability requirements of the MSCI Global Standard Indexes
- Market accessibility criteria: Aims to reflect international institutional investors’ experiences of investing in a given market and includes several sub-criteria such as: openness to foreign ownership, ease of capital inflows / outflows, efficiency of operational framework, competitive landscape and stability of the institutional framework
As part of the annual announcement, MSCI communicates the list of countries currently under review and the new list of countries, if any, under review for potential market reclassification in the upcoming cycle.
Past market reclassifications:
|Country Indexes||Market Reclassification||Date*|
|MSCI Saudi Arabia||From Standalone to Emerging Markets||May 2019|
|MSCI Argentina Index||From Frontier Markets to Emerging Markets||May 2019|
|MSCI China Index||China-A Shares included in the Emerging Markets||May 2018|
|MSCI Pakistan Index||From Frontier Markets to Emerging Markets||May 2017|
|MSCI WAEMU Index||From Standalone to Frontier Markets||November 2016|
|MSCI Bulgaria Index||From Frontier Markets to Standalone|| |
|MSCI Ukraine Index||From Frontier Markets to Standalone||August 2015|
|MSCI Qatar Index||From Frontier to Emerging Markets||May 2014|
|MSCI UAE Index||From Frontier to Emerging Markets||May 2014|
|MSCI Greece Index||From Developed to Emerging Markets||November 2013|
|MSCI Morocco Index||From Emerging to Frontier Markets||November 2013|
|MSCI Trinidad & Tobago Index**||From Frontier Markets to Standalone||May 2011|
|MSCI Israel Index||From Emerging to Developed Markets||May 2010|
|MSCI Bangladesh Index||From Standalone to Frontier Markets||May 2010|
|MSCI Argentina Index||From Emerging to Frontier Markets||May 2009|
|MSCI Pakistan Index***||From Standalone to Frontier Markets||May 2009|
|MSCI Jordan Index||From Emerging to Frontier Markets||November 2008|
|MSCI Lithuania Index||From Standalone to Frontier Markets||November 2008|
|MSCI Serbia Index||From Standalone to Frontier Markets||November 2008|
|MSCI Sri Lanka****||From Standalone to Frontier Markets||November 2007|
|MSCI Venezuela Index*****||From Emerging to Standalone||May 2006|
|MSCI Greece Index||From Emerging to Developed Markets||May 2001|
|MSCI Portugal Index||From Emerging to Developed Markets||November 1997|
Scroll the table to the right to see more
*As of the close of the last business day of the month.
**Trinidad and Tobago was added to the MSCI Frontier Markets Index in May 2009
***Pakistan was removed from the MSCI Emerging Market Index in December 2008 and maintained as a standalone country index
****Sri Lanka was removed from the MSCI Emerging Market Index in June 2001 and maintained as a standalone country index
*****Index was discontinued on January 2, 2008