Linda-Eling Lee

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Linda- Eling Lee

Linda- Eling Lee
Global Head of ESG Research

About the Contributor

As Global Head of Research for MSCI’s ESG Research group, Linda-Eling Lee oversees all ESG-related content and methodology and chairs MSCI’s ESG Ratings Review Committee. She leads one of the largest teams of research analysts in the world who are dedicated to identifying risks and opportunities arising from material ESG issues. Linda received her AB from Harvard, MSt from Oxford, and PhD in Organizational Behaviour from Harvard University. Linda has published research both in management journals such as the Harvard Business Review and MIT’s Sloan Management Review, as well as in top academic peer-reviewed journals such as Management Science and Journal of Organizational Behaviour.

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Blog posts by Linda-Eling Lee


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  1. ESG投资者的漫漫长途已经开始,有很多人也开始支持这个长征1。我们2019年要关注的五个ESG趋势中的每一个,都包含可能被忽视的成本和机遇。

  2. The long haul many are bracing for has already started for ESG investors. Each of our five ESG trends to watch in 2019 contain potentially overlooked costs – and opportunities.

  3. Bigger, faster, more. Whether due to policy, technological or climatic changes, companies face an onslaught of challenges that are happening sooner and more dramatically than many could have anticipated.

  4. Buoyed by populist sentiment, regulators around the world are considering ways to close corporate tax loopholes and narrow the gap between the statutory tax rate and what companies actually pay. The effort could have significant consequences, both for corporations and for institutional investors who engage portfolio companies over the sufficiency of their tax-related disclosures with the goal of avoiding unforeseen risks.

  5. It is widely documented that women, on average, earn less than men for comparable work, so it may surprise you to learn that female CEOs of large companies included in a key global MSCI index made more than their male peers in 2015. However, men received superior options packages in the decade through 2015, and came out ahead in terms of total compensation during that period.

  6. This year may ring the bell on a fundamental rethink for investors. Underlying all the major trends we identified for 2017 is a strategic decision point – do we change the way we think about investing, or is this business as usual in a new order?

  7. msci women on boards 2016 A growing body of research shows that having three women on a corporate board represents a “tipping point” in terms of influence, which is reflected in financial performance. Our analysis from last year looked at a snapshot of global companies in 2015 with strong female leadership, finding that they enjoyed a Return on Equity of 10.1% per year versus 7.4% for those without such leadership.

  8. Institutional investors have several paths to reduce exposure to carbon risk in their portfolios — the risk of being exposed to assets that may lose their value prematurely because of efforts to limit climate change.

  9. In recent years, many institutional investors have committed to measure and lower exposure to carbon emissions in their portfolios. But that presents a challenge: how to estimate such exposure, given the lack of disclosure by most companies about their carbon emissions?

  10. Brexit shines a light on fissures between perceived winners and losers from globalized markets and highlights for investors the importance of factoring the consequences of inequality and popular discontent into their view of risk, writes Linda-Eling Lee, global head of MSCI ESG Research, in her latest blog post, which discusses how undercurrents from a tide of populist sentiment can influence asset prices over the longer term.

  11. Two-thirds of the world’s population is expected to live in cities by 2050, up from 54% in 2014, according to the United Nations. Yet, as of the end of 2015, we found that housing for people in the middle of the income pyramid is unaffordable for most cities and countries that we studied.

  12. Environmental, social and governance concerns may play a growing role in investment matters in 2016. These trends reflect a softening economy, a long-term shift to a low carbon economy, a generational changeover and institutional forces.

  13. Institutional investors concerned with excessive investor and corporate focus on short-term results are seeking to improve minimum corporate governance standards of their portfolio companies.

  14. Many institutional investors are increasingly focused on the gender composition of company boards, according to our research. Some studies show significant outperformance by companies with women on boards, though no one can show a direct link between the two.

  15. Regulatory authorities are now taking a much tougher approach to corporate tax rates. Since we explored the topic in December 2013 (The ‘Tax Gap’ in the MSCI World), the regulatory outlook has shifted substantially.