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Linda-Eling Lee

Linda-Eling Lee
Managing Director, MSCI Research

About the Contributor

As Global Head of Research for MSCI’s ESG Research group, Linda-Eling Lee oversees all ESG-related content and methodology. She leads one of the largest teams of research analysts in the world who are dedicated to identifying risks and opportunities arising from significant ESG issues. Linda received her AB from Harvard, MSt from Oxford, and PhD in Organizational Behaviour from Harvard University. Linda has published research both in management journals such as the Harvard Business Review and MIT’s Sloan Management Review, as well as in top academic peer-reviewed journals.

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Blog posts by Linda-Eling Lee


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  1. BLOG

    ESG Trends to Watch for 2022 

    Jan 7, 2022 Linda-Eling Lee , Meggin Thwing Eastman

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    As the world’s biggest companies work toward net-zero, corporations ask: What do we do about our suppliers? Meanwhile, ESG investing truly has gone mainstream (with the regulatory attention to prove it). We review these trends and emerging risks.

  2. BLOG

    2022 年 ESG 趋势展望 

    Jan 7, 2022 Linda-Eling Lee , Meggin Thwing Eastman

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  3. BLOG

    2021 ESG Trends to Watch 

    Dec 7, 2020 Linda-Eling Lee , Meggin Thwing Eastman , Arne Philipp Klug

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    Climate. ESG bubbles. Disclosure. Social inequality. Biodiversity. The topics don’t get much bigger — or more systemic. Here’s our analysis of the five ESG trends that will matter most to companies and their investors in 2021.

  4. BLOG

    2021年ESG 趋势展望 

    Dec 7, 2020 Linda-Eling Lee , Meggin Thwing Eastman , Arne Philipp Klug

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  5. BLOG

    ESG Ratings: How the Weighting Scheme Affected Performance 

    Jun 29, 2020 Zoltán Nagy , Linda-Eling Lee , Guido Giese

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    Our recent research suggests that environmental and social issues were more industry specific and tended to show up in financial measures over a longer time frame compared to governance issues. How can E, S and G issues be combined?

  6. BLOG

    Which ESG Issues Mattered Most? Defining Event and Erosion Risks 

    Jun 22, 2020 Guido Giese , Zoltán Nagy , Linda-Eling Lee

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    Very different ESG issues can be material for different industries. Our research suggests that risks can be divided into two main types: “event” risks and “erosion” risks to companies’ long-term competitiveness. Which ones mattered most for E, S and G?

  7. BLOG

    Welche ESG-Kriterien waren die wichtigsten? Definition von Ereignis- und Erosionsrisiken 

    Jun 22, 2020 Guido Giese , Zoltán Nagy , Linda-Eling Lee

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  8. BLOG

    Geht es bei ESG nur um das „G“? Das hängt von Ihrem Zeithorizont ab 

    Jun 15, 2020 Linda-Eling Lee , Guido Giese , Zoltán Nagy

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  9. BLOG

    Is ESG All About the ‘G’? That Depends on Your Time Horizon. 

    Jun 15, 2020 Linda-Eling Lee , Guido Giese , Zoltán Nagy

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    The conventional wisdom has it that governance is the most dominant of the three E, S and G pillars. But our analysis finds different results when looking at contribution to performance over different time horizons.

  10. BLOG

    2020 ESG trends to watch 

    Jan 13, 2020 Linda-Eling Lee , Meggin Thwing Eastman , Ric Marshall

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    ESG themes are long-term, but some can emerge with sudden force. We are watching five trends we believe will unfold in 2020 to catapult ESG investing into the new decade.

  11. BLOG

    2019 ESG趋势展望 

    Jan 22, 2019 Linda-Eling Lee , Matt Moscardi

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  12. BLOG


    Jan 22, 2019 Linda-Eling Lee , Matt Moscardi

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  13. BLOG

    ESG Trends to Watch in 2019 

    Jan 22, 2019 Linda-Eling Lee , Matt Moscardi

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    The long haul many are bracing for has already started for ESG investors. Each of our five ESG trends to watch in 2019 contain potentially overlooked costs – and opportunities.

  14. BLOG

    2018 ESG Trends to Watch 

    Jan 16, 2018 Linda-Eling Lee

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    Bigger, faster, more. Whether due to policy, technological or climatic changes, companies face an onslaught of challenges that are happening sooner and more dramatically than many could have anticipated.

  15. BLOG

    The USD 220 Billion Global Tax Gap: Implications for Institutional Investors 

    Mar 2, 2017 Linda-Eling Lee

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    Buoyed by populist sentiment, regulators around the world are considering ways to close corporate tax loopholes and narrow the gap between the statutory tax rate and what companies actually pay. The effort could have significant consequences, both for corporations and for institutional investors who engage portfolio companies over the sufficiency of their tax-related disclosures with the goal of avoiding unforeseen risks.

  16. BLOG

    ESG Trends in 2017: A Fundamental Rethink? 

    Jan 12, 2017 Linda-Eling Lee

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    This year may ring the bell on a fundamental rethink for investors. Underlying all the major trends we identified for 2017 is a strategic decision point – do we change the way we think about investing, or is this business as usual in a new order?

  17. BLOG

    The Tipping Point: Women on Boards and Financial Performance 

    Dec 13, 2016 Linda-Eling Lee

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    msci women on boards 2016 A growing body of research shows that having three women on a corporate board represents a “tipping point” in terms of influence, which is reflected in financial performance. Our analysis from last year looked at a snapshot of global companies in 2015 with strong female leadership, finding that they enjoyed a Return on Equity of 10.1% per year versus 7.4% for those without such leadership.

  18. BLOG

    Your Portfolio’s Carbon Footprint May be Smaller Than You Think 

    Sep 2, 2016 Linda-Eling Lee

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    In recent years, many institutional investors have committed to measure and lower exposure to carbon emissions in their portfolios. But that presents a challenge: how to estimate such exposure, given the lack of disclosure by most companies about their carbon emissions?

  19. BLOG

    The Crisis of Affordability in Real Estate 

    Jun 8, 2016 Linda-Eling Lee

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    Two-thirds of the world’s population is expected to live in cities by 2050, up from 54% in 2014, according to the United Nations. Yet, as of the end of 2015, we found that housing for people in the middle of the income pyramid is unaffordable for most cities and countries that we studied.

  20. BLOG

    2016 ESG Trends to Watch: Opportunities and Risks 

    Jan 11, 2016 Linda-Eling Lee

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    Environmental, social and governance concerns may play a growing role in investment matters in 2016. These trends reflect a softening economy, a long-term shift to a low carbon economy, a generational changeover and institutional forces.

  21. BLOG

    Raising Minimum Governance Standards 

    Dec 4, 2015 Linda-Eling Lee

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    Institutional investors concerned with excessive investor and corporate focus on short-term results are seeking to improve minimum corporate governance standards of their portfolio companies.

  22. BLOG

    Women on Boards: Global Trends in Gender Diversity 

    Nov 30, 2015 Linda-Eling Lee

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    Many institutional investors are increasingly focused on the gender composition of company boards, according to our research. Some studies show significant outperformance by companies with women on boards, though no one can show a direct link between the two.

  23. BLOG

    Re-Examining the Tax Gap for MSCI World Companies 

    Jun 3, 2015 Linda-Eling Lee

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    Regulatory authorities are now taking a much tougher approach to corporate tax rates. Since we explored the topic in December 2013 (The ‘Tax Gap’ in the MSCI World), the regulatory outlook has shifted substantially.