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Climate Data & Metrics

MSCI offers over 700 climate change metrics including Climate VaR, Low Carbon Transition Score, forward looking indicators, emission data, fossil fuel exposure, clean tech solutions to facilitate integration across the investment process.

Climate data & metrics intro


For more than 20 years, MSCI ESG Research has worked with institutional investors to incorporate climate change considerations in their investment process by providing an extensive view of climate change risks and opportunities across multiple dimensions:


Deep and broad company data



Carbon emissions and fossil fuel exposure


Clean technologies exposure


Risk exposure business and geographic


Carbon managementpractices and programs

State of the art climate models


Carbon emissions and fossil fuel exposure


Clean technologies exposure


Risk exposure business and geographic


Carbon managementpractices and programs

Insightful tools


Scalable climate portfolio analysis


Innovative climate change indexes*


Market-leading risk analytics*


Coverage: more than 9,600 companies including large, mid and small cap developed and emerging market equities, as well as Investment Grade, high yield and emerging market fixed income issuers*; 198 countries for select / relevant metrics.

Analytical framework for a net-zero journey


Analytical framework for a net-zero journey


MSCI’s Climate Analytical framework investigates 4 dimensions: minimize transition risk, capture green opportunities, minimize physical risk, and ensure alignment with 1.5° pathways. Within each dimension, there are several data metrics and models that can support this analysis, starting from building blocks like emissions data, revenue exposure to sophisticated scenario analysis models.

Reasearch Driven Insights

Climate Value-at-Risk

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In our climate newsletter series, we will share our latest climate-related research, materials, events and practical, action steps to prepare for COP26 and beyond.


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All climate metrics overview

All climate metrics overview


Climate Value-at-Risk

This risk measurement helps investors to assess future costs related to climate change and understand what those future costs could mean towards the current valuation of securities. The premise of Climate VaR is to aggregate costs related to specific climate risks over the next 15 years and calculate what these costs might signify about financial performance into the foreseeable future.

Implied Temperature Rise

Implied Temperature Rise from MSCI ESG Research is designed to show the temperature alignment of companies and portfolios with global climate targets. With this forward-looking estimate for company or portfolio alignment, investors can use Implied Temperature Rise to set decarbonization targets and support engagement on climate risk. The measure, which is also designed to support reporting for the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), is part of a platform of analytical tools from MSCI ESG Research that institutional investors trust to navigate the transition to net-zero at every stage.

Low Carbon Transition Score

A company level score designed to identify potential leaders and laggards by holistically measuring companies’ exposure to and management of risks and opportunities related to the low carbon transition. Companies with higher Low Carbon Transition score are more aligned with the Low Carbon Transition compared to the companies with lower scores. (Score: 0-10)


This dataset represents a company's Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions as reported (if available) or estimated by our proprietary estimation model. Scope 1 emissions are those from sources owned or controlled by the company, typically direct combustion of fuel as in a furnace or vehicle. Scope 2 emissions are those caused by the generation of electricity purchased by the company. Scope 3 emissions include an array of indirect emissions resulting from activities such as business travel, distribution of products by third parties, and downstream use of a company's products (i.e. by customers).

Fossil Fuel (incl Power) Screens

This dataset provides quantitative data on reserves by fossil fuel type and revenue screens (thermal coal, conventional and unconventional oil & gas), as well as granular power generation data.


Close to 30 data points for sovereign issuers to highlight a country’s exposure to transition risk and physical and economic vulnerability related to climate change. The data is collected from sources such as the United Nations (UN), World Bank, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), etc. It also includes a number of carbon emissions factors (CO2 and GHG), their corresponding intensities and trend calculation that can be used to calculate the carbon footprint of sovereign investments.

Climate Risk Management

Assessment of corporate issuers’ climate change exposure and management practices to identify leaders and laggards when it comes to preparedness for transition to a low carbon economy. The risk exposure assessment is intended to assess the extent to which a company is exposed to a material issue (or Key Issue). Under risk management assessment, we assess the strength of a company’s strategy and otherforward looking measures to mitigate the risk.

Current Green Revenues

The recent-year percentage of revenue, or maximum estimated percent, a company has derived from products or services related to alternative energy, energy efficiency, green building, pollution prevention, sustainable water or sustainable agriculture.

Low Carbon Patent Analysis

Recently published patent databases allow an evidence-based, behind-the-scenes view into the strategic research and development investment of companies. Climate VaR’s model currently covers 65 million unique patents that have been granted from 40 patent authorities worldwide. In this dataset, patents referring to the Low Carbon technologies have been segregated, assigned a quality scores and mapped to companies.

Contact our ESG Client Service team to learn more.

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*All ESG ratings and reports are provided by MSCI ESG Research LLC.  MSCI ESG Indexes and Analytics utilize information from, but are not provided by, MSCI ESG Research LLC.  MSCI Equity Indexes are products of MSCI Inc. and are administered by MSCI UK Limited. Coverage: reported and estimated data for more than 10,000 companies including large, mid and small cap developed and emerging market equities, as well as Investment Grade, high yield and emerging market fixed income issuers*; 198 countries for select / relevant metrics; *clean tech metrics and low carbon transition assessment available for MSCI ACWI IMI 


MSCI ESG Research LLC. is a Registered Investment Adviser under the Investment Adviser Act of 1940. The most recent SEC Form ADV filing, including Form ADV Part 2A, is available on the U.S. SEC’s website at

MIFID2/MIFIR notice: MSCI ESG Research LLC does not distribute or act as an intermediary for financial instruments or structured deposits, nor does it deal on its own account, provide execution services for others or manage client accounts. No MSCI ESG Research product or service supports, promotes or is intended to support or promote any such activity. MSCI ESG Research is an independent provider of ESG data, reports and ratings based on published methodologies and available to clients on a subscription basis.  We do not provide custom or one-off ratings or recommendations of securities or other financial instruments upon request.

ESG ADV 2B (brochure supplement)