Chart 44

Ashish LodhAna HarrisFotios Kassianidis

June 29, 2022


Industry and revenue lenses can provide additional insights to investors beyond a traditional sector analysis.

In emerging markets (EM), one of its largest sectors is information technology (IT) — at 21.1% of the MSCI Emerging Markets Index — which can be disaggregated into six industries (as shown in the first chart below). While the regional index provided exposure to all six of the industries, the three largest EM countries offered varied access. China had companies within every industry, whereas Indian and Taiwanese IT companies were more concentrated. Indian firms were generally service oriented, while Taiwan — led by Taiwan Semiconductors Manufacturing Company Limited — were semiconductor oriented.

Industry-exposure differences can also lead to contrasting economic exposures. While we found the IT sector in China was primarily domestically driven, most of the revenues for Indian IT companies came from the U.S., with the second-largest contributor being the U.K. It’s a similar story in Taiwan, where U.S.-sourced IT revenues were dominant. However, despite these biases, domestic and regional demand remained important economic variables.


Historical Performance and Deglobalization

As central banks raise rates to combat inflation and economies start slowing down around the world, interdependencies at the country level will matter. And while the IT sector typically did well in periods of rising inflation, it lagged in periods of both rising inflation and lower growth. For context, the IT sector represents 17% of the overall country index in India, while it represents 70% in Taiwan.

Another consideration is the ongoing impact of deglobalization and its influence on supply chains, which are becoming more localized. As countries start to build and rebuild some of these manufacturing capabilities onshore,1 it may lead to headwinds for countries that are more reliant on manufacturing than services.

Interactive Assets

Sector and Industry Diversity within Emerging Markets

IT Sector - Breakdown by Industry

Data as of May 31, 2022. Source MSCI.

IT Sector - Regional Economic Exposure

Data as of May 31, 2022. Source MSCI.


1 The White House, “Biden-⁠Harris Administration Bringing Semiconductor Manufacturing Back to America,” Jan. 21, 2022.

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